Academic Studies on the Effect of File-Sharing on the Recorded Music Industry: A Literature Review

Grassmuck, Volker Ralf, Academic Studies on the Effect of File-Sharing on the Recorded Music Industry: A Literature Review (14 May 2010). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1749579

for Acesso a bens educacionais e culturais no Brasil, Projeto de Pesquisa de Grupo de Pesquisa em Política Pública para o Acesso à Informação (GPOPAI), Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades, Universidade de São Paulo

Abstract:
Is file-sharing responsible for the slump in recorded music sales or does it create demand? The empirical research literature is inconclusive. What has clearly emerged is that there are a number of different dynamics at work, yielding a mixed result with respect to album sales, a likely positive result for the music industry as a whole through gains in concert and merchandising revenues and a clearly positive effect on social welfare through improved market chances for non-star music, greater cultural diversity and increased consumer surplus. While the nearly eighty empirical studies under review cannot support allegations by IFPI that illegal file-sharing has been a major factor in the decline in physical music sales, they do show trends in the music sector and raise questions about the economic rationality of the current copyright regime.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 50

Keywords: economics, methodology, creativity, culture industries, record industry, concerts, file-sharing, peer-to-peer, substituion, discovery, social welfare, cultural diversity, DRM, IFPI

JEL Classifications: D12, L82

Working Paper Series

Date posted: April 26, 2011

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