the vonderful vorld of virtual v

7. Juni 2015

„Postcolonial Piracy“ online

Filed under: text — Schlagwörter: , , , , , , , — vg @ 15:40

Postcolonial_PiracyThe anthology Postcolonial Piracy. Media distribution and cultural production in the global south, edited by Lars Eckstein and Anja Schwarz from Potsdam University, is out. It was published by Bloomsbury in late 2014 whom Lars and Anja convinced to do so under a CC licence. The book says BY-NC-SA while the university website says BY-NC-ND and the Bloomsbury website doesn’t say anything at all.  Bloomsbury presents the book in „PDF page image format“ as „Bloomsbury Open Access“, telling the reader: „The pages are provided here to facilitate browsing. If intending to read in full, you may prefer to download the original PDF,“ but not providing an opportunity to download. Anyway, it is available for download as postprint at the University Potsdam.

The collection comes out of a conference under the same title in December 2011 in Berlin. It includes my contribution „On the Benefits of Piracy“, pre-published under the title „A Proposal for Legalizing Small-Scale Physical Copyright Piracy Book Publishing, Video Films and Music in Developing Countries“.

Table of Contents (more…)

18. April 2015

Anti-TTIP Global Day of Action, Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, 18.04.2015

StartbildToday was the Global Action Day to Defeat Free Trade and Investment Treaties. More than 1000 actions took place across the planet. Berlin’s largest event was a human chain from Potsdamer Platz to the Brandenburg Gate in which more than 4000 people participated.

There are a number of Free Trade and Investment Treaties brewing — CETA, TPP, TiSA and most prominently TTIP, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. Merkel und Juncker have put concluding TTIP in 2015 on top of their agenda.

Negotiations between EU and US started in 2013 on condition that culture and media be excluded. Near the supposed end of the negotiations, it seems that the fears most of us had from the beginning come true and digital culture is coming back in the form of „audiovisual goods and services”.

Here some materials on this, alas mostly in German.

19. April 2014

Von Daseinsfürsorge zu Public Value
Für einen neuen Gesellschaftsvertrag über unsere mediale Umwelt

Filed under: Deutsch,text — Schlagwörter: , , , , — vg @ 00:23

Grassmuck, Volker Ralf, Von Daseinsfürsorge zu Public Value. Für einen neuen Gesellschaftsvertrag über unsere mediale Umwelt (March 02, 2014). erscheint Juni 2014 in: Dieter Klumpp, Klaus Lenk, Günter Koch (Hrsg.), Überwiegend Neuland. Zwischenbilanzen der Wissenschaft zur Gestaltung der Informationsgesellschaft, edition sigma, Berlin 2014. Available at SSRN:

Seit Mitte der 1990er begibt sich der öffentlich-rechtliche Rundfunk ins Internet und damit auf Neuland. Das führt zu Friktionen, zunächst mit den seit Mitte der 1980er zugelassenen privaten Rundfunkanbietern und der Presse, die sich durch ihn als öffentlich finanziertem Wettbewerber um den neuen Online-Markt betrogen sehen. Dann auch mit den Ureinwohnern des Neulands.

Kurz, der vernetzte Computer hat die alten, auf Papier und Äther gestützten Massenmedien gründlich aufgemischt – und damit auch die Öffentlichkeit. In Zeiten ‘konvergenter Unübersichtlichkeit’ (Wolfgang Schulz) gilt es, über all dem Neuen nicht die hart erkämpften Grundrechte wie die Meinungsfreiheit und die ihr dienende Medienfreiheit aus dem Auge zu verlieren. Das mit den Massenmedien entstandene und inzwischen europäisierte Medienrecht bemüht sich, der digitalen Revolution als ‘Neue Medien’, ‘Teledienste’ ‘Mediendienste’ und aktuell als ‘Telemedien’ im gewachsenen Rahmen einen Ort zuzuweisen.

Medienregulierung, die wie alles Recht doch demokratietheoretisch Ausdruck des Volkeswillens sein soll, findet jedoch weitgehend unter Ausschluss der Öffentlichkeit statt. Ausgerechnet die Möglichkeitsbedingungen einer Öffentlichkeit, die Demokratie allein tragen kann, sind ihr blinder Fleck. Die Frage nach einer informationellen Daseinsvorsorge, Grundversorgung oder, wie es heute neudeutsch heißt, Public Value muss vom Internet aus neu gestellt werden.

Keywords: öffentlich-rechtlicher Rundfunk, Internet, Konvergenz, Meinungsfreiheit, Internetdienstefreiheit, Medienregulierung, Daseinsvorsorge, Grundversorung, Public Value, Europarecht, Beihilfe, Verfassung, Grundgesetz

16. November 2013

Brazil’s Marco Civil about to be voted in Parliament

Filed under: English,News — Schlagwörter: , , , , , — vg @ 16:44

The much applauded Brazilian legislative project for an Internet Bill of Rights is about to enter its decisive phase in the House of Representatives. The Marco Civil da Internet had it ups and downs. A devastating cyber-crime bill introduced by senator Eduardo Azeredo had triggered a wave of protests in 2009. This in turn, led to an innovative, broad, participatory process of drafting a counter-bill guaranteeing fundamental rights on the Internet that was conducted by the Ministry of Justice in partnership with the Center for Technology and Society of the Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School in Rio de Janeiro. The first round of public consultations at the end of 2009 served to identify issues to be dealt with. The draft bill based on the more than 800 contributions was published for public consultation in spring 2010. The administration of President Dilma Rousseff approved the bill and sent it to Congress in August 2011. There it has been postponed and watered down eversince. Especially the net neutrality rules met with resistance by the powerful telcos. Meanwhile, the Lei Azeredo was passed in April 2013.

It took Edward Snowden’s leaks to bring the Marco Civil draft back on track. „In addition to the re-installment of old guarantees aspired for by civil society organisations, the post-Snowden Marco Civil also embodies the reaction of Brazil’s government to the NSA mass surveillance,“ writes Monika Ermert on Intellectual Property Watch. She also presents an English language translation of the current text of the bill, prepared by Carolina Rossini, Project Director for the Latin America Resource Center at the Internet Governance and Human Rights programme at the New America Foundation’s OTI.

Voting on the Marco Civil is again scheduled for next week. It is feared that it sufferes the same fate as the similarly progressive Brazilian Copyright Bill, the drafting and public deliberations on which had started in 2005 already, that was delayed countless times and is now schedulded to be voted in 2015. But there is still hope that the indignation over practices by the NSA and US corporations will create the political will and momentum to finally approve the Marco Civil.

20. Mai 2013

Hyperkult XXII: Standards, Normen, Protokolle, 4.-6. Juli 2013

Filed under: Deutsch,News — Schlagwörter: , , , — vg @ 12:00

Die 22. Hyperkult steht vor der Tür. Dieses Mal zum Thema „Standards, Normen, Protokolle“. Welche Rolle spielen Standards, Normen und Protokolle für die Strukturbildung der Nächsten Gesellschaft? Sind Protokolle nicht vielleicht doch ihre wichtigsten Medien, und der lange Marsch durch die Institutionen müsste heute durch die Normungskommissionen verlaufen? Welche Bedeutung haben das W3C, welche die ICANN, die WIPO? Wo, bitteschön, scheint denn eine neue Anarchie auf, die alle diese verknöcherten Regularien, wenigstens für kurze Zeit, zum Teufel schickte?

Mit Vorträgen unter anderem von Claus Pias: Protokollfragen, Ned Rossiter: Logistical Worlds: Command and Control, Exodus and Invention, Rolf Großmann: MIDI-Geschichte(n), Andrea Knaut: Normindividualität, Jens-Martin Loebel: „Mühlendamm Schleuse, bitte kommen!“ Die Geschichte der Vollzugsordnung für den Funkdienst als soziales Protokoll, Agata Królikowski: Standardisierte Überwachung und Wolfgang Coy: „Was die technische Welt im Innersten zusammen hält“.

Standards, Normen, Protokolle

4.-6. Juli 2013

Centre for Digital Cultures
Medien- und Informationszentrum und
Institut für Kultur und Ästhetik digitaler Medien der
Leuphana Universität Lüneburg

„Alte Post“ in der Sülztorstr. 21-25
21335 Lüneburg

19. April 2013

„Alternative distribution models in the digital environment”, Riga, 23 April

The seminar „Alternative distribution models of works protected by copyright in the digital environment” will take place on 23 April 2013 from 9:30 – 14:00 at Riga International School of Economics and Business Administration (RISEBA), Architecture and Media Centre “H2O 6” (Riga, Ūdens iela 6). It is oranised by the Ministry of Culture of Latvia in cooperation with the British Council in the context of Creative Action Week “Create!” (22 to 28 April).

Application by 19 April here.
A live-stream will be available here.

The seminar-discussion will be devoted to tendencies of copyright in the current digital environment. The local and foreign experts will discuss the alternative distribution models of music and e-books online providing their easy accessibility, on one hand, and fair remuneration to the authors, on the other hand. The topics presented by the experts will include: possibility to introduce so-called culture flat-rate for the use of culture products; current tendencies of management of online music rights in Europe, the role of the collective management organisations therein and others.

Participants include Žaneta Jaunzeme-Grende, Minister of Culture; Magda Papēde, doctoral candidate of the University of Freiburg (Germany); Guna Zučika, manager of the band “Brainstorm”; Uldis Zariņš, head of Strategic development unit of the National Library of Latvia; Ilona Tomsone and Rihards Gulbis, Legal Advisors on copyright, Ministry of Culture and myself.

13. April 2013

Sharing Licence Library

This is a collection of materials on the proposals to legalize file-sharing in exchange for a flat-rate remuneration. These proposals are as old as P2P file-sharing itself. They have been advanced by law scholars, people from the music industry, consumer and Internet user organisations, collecting societies and political parties. They have come in the form of feasibility studies, passionate manifestos, scholarly and popular articles, law proposals and (near) pilot projects. And they have come under names such as alternative compensation system, content or culture flat-rate, licence globale, artistic freedom voucher, noncommercial use levy and sharing licence. If you have materials (text, audio, video) that should be in this collection, please mail me. Any discussion paper, law proposal, artist’s statement from any country in any language pertinent to the subject is welcome. Broken links as well. Thank you.

— Last updated 13.04.2013 — (more…)

5. April 2013

A Proposal for Legalizing Small-Scale Physical Copyright Piracy Book Publishing, Video Films and Music in Developing Countries

Filed under: English,text — Schlagwörter: , , , , , , — vg @ 02:02

Grassmuck, Volker Ralf, A Proposal for Legalizing Small-Scale Physical Copyright Piracy Book Publishing, Video Films and Music in Developing Countries (April 4, 2013). Available at SSRN:

The paper looks at the formative phase of media systems particularly in developing nations. It finds that copyright piracy in those situations serves a purpose not only in providing access to knowledge and creative works to audiences who would otherwise be excluded but also as the original accumulation of media infrastructures, know-how and capital that over time leads to the establishment of original forms of creative expression and legal media industries.

Looking at the examples of the publishing of books by foreign authors in 19th century USA, the emergence of the video film industry in Nigeria and briefly at the popular dance music in northern Brazil it shows the beneficial effects of piracy. From a public policy point of view, the paper then considers the benefits of copyright piracy and its harms, the most severe ones of which are caused by its illegality. In order to balance benefits and harms, it concludes by proposing to legalize small-scale physical copyright piracy in developing nations.

Keywords: piracy, copyright law, informal copyrights, access to knowledge, book publishing in 19th century USA, Nollywood, Tecnobrega

22. August 2012

Konferenz: Vergüten statt verfolgen

Raetsel_Urheberrecht_Horia_Varlan_flickr_CC_BY_20_320x240Am 31. August und 1. September findet in den Berliner Uferstudios (Badstraße 41, 13357 Berlin-Wedding) die Grüne Urheberrechtsfachtagung „Vergüten statt verfolgen“ statt. Das ausführliche Programm gibt es hier (PDF).

Zu den Vortragenden gehören Wolfgang Blau, Jeanette Hofmann, Markus Beckedahl und Olaf Zimmermann. Am Samstag, 1. September, 14:00 – 16:00 Uhr, werde ich, moderiert von Tabea Rößner, mit Gisela Schmalz, Helga Trüpel, Gerald Spindler und Tim Renner über „Alternative Vergütungsansätze und zeitgemäße Finanzierungsmodelle“ sprechen, m.a.W. über die Tauschlizenz.

Die Veranstaltung wird vom Bundesvorstand von BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN zusammen mit den Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaften Kultur, Medien und Netzpolitik, Demokratie und Recht, Bildung und Wissenschaft sowie Hochschule und Technik organisiert.

12. August 2012

How the U.S. is Controlling the Internet

Filed under: English,Video — Schlagwörter: , — vg @ 18:42

Must-see AlJazeera documentary. From SOPA that was brought down by the Internet public, only to be followed-up by CISPA, an FBI man declaring that „any type of activity online can be considered a security threat,“ to NSA whistleblower Thomas Drake talking about the total surveillance put in place after 11.9. Anything goes under the guise of protecting the US economy or its national security.

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